The Internet of Things brings the development of animal networking sensor industry
Recently, the Internet of Things has been active in the audience's field of vision due to the country's high priority. It is predicted that the country will invest 4 trillion yuan to vigorously develop the Internet of Things in the next decade. Smart grid, smart medical, smart home, RFID and other industries will be the key areas for future development, and the Internet of Things involves building automation, TV monitoring, anti-theft alarm, and access control , Smart home and other systems, in the face of this huge cake of IoT, how much can integrators get? At present, there is no clear and common official definition of "Internet of Things" in the world. Refers to the network that connects all items to the Internet through radio frequency identification (RFID), infrared sensors, global positioning system and other information sensing equipment to achieve intelligent identification and management. The Internet of Things has three characteristics, namely comprehensive perception, reliable transmission and intelligent processing.
"The Internet of Things technology is actually not far away. The relevant technologies have been actually applied in the fields of city security monitoring systems, rail transit, airports, medical treatment, logistics, etc. In Shanghai Pudong Airport, the Internet of Things technology is used to establish "Electronic fence", using a variety of sensors for information fusion, after "perception" processing, you can judge whether it is a person or an animal that crosses the airport fence, you can respond relatively accurately. "An industry expert said.
Some experts said that if the intelligent building uses the IoT architecture, the overall structure will change. And with the use of the Internet of Things architecture, intelligent buildings and digital cities are further integrated, and great opportunities are ushered in for independent innovation and industrial development.
"The Internet of Things is closely related to intelligent buildings, including smart lighting, security, building control, etc., which are inseparable from the support of sensors. TVs, telephones, and parking lots are all engaged in sensor networking. For example, RFID is mainly used in the logistics industry, and In the field of smart buildings, the card is used more. It is estimated that this year the country will invest 200 billion to develop the Internet of Things, and this fund is mainly used to develop the sensor industry. "Deputy Director of the Building Intelligent Technology Expert Committee of the Ministry of Construction, Tsinghua University Professor Zhang Gongzhong from the Department of Computer Science and Technology said.
Professor Zhang Gongzhong believes that the integration of Internet of Things integrators is not the same as IBMS, and the price is different. "In the future, the Internet of Things will have a browser. Like the Internet, there is an interface that can be clicked and controlled. Therefore, in the future, the integrator's concept should meet the development needs of the Internet of Things, including integration and software development."
In addition, Professor Huang Yushu of Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications said: The Internet of Things has a large application space in the field of integration. For practitioners in the building intelligence industry, many of the systems they implement, such as building automation, TV monitoring, anti-theft alarm, access control, and home intelligence, all involve sensors, transmission networks, and control. In safe cities, Intelligent transportation and other fields are also widely used.
In recent years, with the in-depth research and application of the Internet of Things technology in China, the equipment and system architecture of many systems of building intelligence have quietly changed, such as: TV monitoring, anti-theft alarm, access control, smart home, etc. Increased materials and types of system sensors and improved technology; increased use of sensors + RFID; development of network system equipment to virtualization and distributed computing; communication information system to NGN (next-generation communication information network packet transmission + IP bearer) Development, and reflected in the system's transmission products and system architecture; cloud computing building control products and energy management platform are available.
Industry insiders believe that China's Internet of Things industry is still in the initial stage. Although its application prospects are very broad, it will become China's new strategic industry in the future, but its standards, technologies, business models and supporting policies are still far from mature. So, with the development of the Internet of Things, can integrators benefit from it in the future? The reporter found that the Internet of Things is hot, but it has not been widely used in the field of system integration. There are technologies, standards, Market barriers.
1. Most integrators said: At present, the Internet of Things is in the initial stage
To learn more about the impact of the Internet of Things on integrators, the reporter of "Integrators Watch" visited a number of system solution providers. Liu Yani, the manager of the marketing department of Jinpeng Electronics, said that although the country has increased its investment in integrators, its technology has not been widely used in the field of security integration. At present, it only involves intelligent video surveillance systems, and intelligent video surveillance systems have been gradually applied. In the engineering plan.
According to reporters, intelligent visual analysis technology is the most advanced technology in today's video surveillance industry. Many product manufacturers have successively launched products and technologies for intelligent video surveillance, such as Hikvision, Axis Communications, Bell Trust , Sony. It can be used in many places, such as advanced video motion detection, object tracking, facial recognition, vehicle recognition, traffic flow control, etc. An expert said, "When large-scale video surveillance is carried out, intelligent surveillance is no longer an optional ornament, but a necessary capability of the system."
"The application of the Internet of Things technology in cities is manifested as: an intelligent information system that perceives, analyzes, and manages urban environments, facilities, and city services by using the Internet of Things technology to connect, interconnect, and intelligentize cities. Promote the development of cities. In the thousands of applications of the Internet of Things, "digital city" is the target. Smart buildings are the core of the core. As the technical application of the Internet of Things, the "thing-thing connection" between buildings and buildings There are more mysteries. "Zhou Hongbo, deputy general manager of Tongfang Tide International, said.
As a leading enterprise in the domestic building intelligence industry, Tongfang Tide International Technology uses the latest Internet of Things technology to conduct front-end data collection and monitoring management with mature Techcon series products, relying on ezIBS intelligent building information integration system as a platform Energy consumption measurement system to create an energy-saving management system suitable for large public buildings. And through accurate sub-item energy consumption measurement and publicity of the building, building environment monitoring, construction equipment operation monitoring, to achieve energy use supervision and management; through scientific energy consumption data diagnosis and analysis, find out the unreasonable energy use crux. To implement the reform and implementation of key energy-consuming systems such as HVAC, lighting, etc. in the form of contract energy management, reduce customer risks, and achieve the goal of reducing energy consumption.
According to Zhou Hongbo, deputy general manager of Tongfang Tide International, the key to the Internet of Things is the "big integration" application, and the key to the realization of the big integration application of the Internet of Things is middleware and solutions. The current challenge is to use standardized data exchange to achieve interconnection and "integration of management and control" between these existing and new systems.
In addition, as the earliest Yinjiang Group who proposed the concept of "smart city", it has been targeting the largest smart city service provider in China. In a new era of the Internet of Things that is about to come out, Yinjiang Shares focuses on the application fields of the vertical industry of the Internet of Things such as urban intelligent transportation, intelligent medical care and intelligent buildings. Taking the intelligent transportation business of the company as an example, it involves the use of various software and hardware methods to the traffic situation. Carry out information collection, algorithm prediction, and finally induce and control road traffic. The Hangzhou City Intelligent Transportation Project undertaken by Yinjiang includes IoT projects such as automatic control of signal lights (transmitting traffic flow information to the central processing system and ultimately controlling the length of traffic lights). This technology is a domestic leader.
It is reported that Yinjiang will plan to use 10 million yuan to set up Yinjiang Beijing Internet of Things Technology Co., Ltd., focusing on the three industrial application fields of medical Internet of Things, energy Internet of Things and transportation Internet of Things, launching industry system solutions and completing some systems Independent research and development and sales of products. In addition, the company plans to use 45.4 million yuan of over-raised funds to carry out investment and mergers and acquisitions in the field of smart transportation and smart medical care to enhance the overall competitiveness of its superior business.
As a leading provider of intelligent system solutions in China, Saiwei Intelligence is also a beneficiary of the Internet of Things. Saiwei Intelligence mainly provides smart system solutions for the urban rail transit, railway and construction industries. It is understood that driven by the Internet of Things strategy, in the next three years, the game will vigorously strengthen the business scale of the integrated rail transit monitoring system on the basis of consolidating and strengthening the dominant market position of the integrated rail transit security system and passenger information system, and promote The market entry of rail transit auto ticketing system and communication system has entered into a relatively complete product system of urban rail transit intelligent system. At the same time, vigorously develop railway (including high-speed railway) information digitization system products, and the domestic railway development grows synchronously, forming a relatively complete railway information digitization system product system.
An industry source revealed that the development of the Internet of Things is still in the initial stage, and the software technology is not mature. And some product vendors that sell products or sensor manufacturers benefit more.
"At present, the domestic Internet of Things industry is still in the conceptual stage from the enterprise perspective, and some are not even profitable." Chen Yu from Tsinghua Tongfang told reporters.
In the future, with the continuous development of key technologies such as IC manufacturing, sensors, software, and networks, the scale of the Internet of Things industry will grow rapidly, and its application fields will be widely expanded. Industry experts predict that in the next ten years, it will be widely used in many fields such as intelligent transportation, environmental protection, public safety, intelligent fire protection, industrial monitoring, elderly care, etc. Is more widely used.
"Although the Internet of Things will expand into various fields such as smart home, smart transportation, and smart medical treatment in the future, it is estimated that it will take 10 years in China before it is widely used," an integrator said.
2. At this stage, the benefit of integrators is not obvious
The Internet of Things is a new word for the public's attention, but in fact it just changes the word. It is understood that in China, there are already many software developers working on software related to the "Internet of Things", such as Tongfang and Tai Chi.
Industry experts analyzed that the benefits of the Internet of Things to sensor manufacturers and IoT system solution providers are more obvious. "From the perspective of the industry chain, in the application of the Internet of Things, two types of manufacturers benefit most from the following: one is the bottom-level sensor manufacturer, and the other is the IoT system solution provider. The demand for sensors is huge. Such as Yinjiang shares, Tongfang shares, Taiji shares. "
3. The Internet of Things drives the development of the sensor industry
"All the Internet of Things requires sensor networking. Manufacturers should produce high-quality and cheap sensors." Professor Zhang Gongzhong told reporters.
Industry insiders believe that "the Internet of Things will bring huge industrial opportunities to the communication chip, RFID / sensor industry, system integration, etc." From the perspective of the industry chain, the Internet of Things will give the communication chip, RFID / sensor industry, system integration, Telecom operators and others bring huge industrial opportunities. From the perspective of benefit time, the development of the Internet of Things first benefits RFID and sensor manufacturers, then system integrators, and finally the Internet of Things operators.
This is because: First, the demand for RFID and sensors is the most extensive, and the manufacturers currently know the customer's needs best; Second, the Internet of Things involves many technologies and industries, and the demand for system integrators is huge, and system integrators are likely to control upstream suppliers. Third, with the development of the Internet of Things, the application of the Internet of Things will expand horizontally from vertical applications in the industry, and the demand for massive data processing and information management will increase accordingly. It will also highlight the important position of the Internet of Things operators in the industry chain. .
However, from the perspective of growth space, the largest growth is IoT operators, followed by system integrators, and the smallest are RFID and sensor suppliers. Some experts said that the reason for the development of these industries is because: First, the future Internet of Things has the characteristics of massive information processing and management needs, and personalized data analysis requirements, which will inevitably urge the needs of bio-networking operators Volume, and it is likely to form an oligopolistic pattern in the future; second, the demand for system integration will be much higher than that of the current telecommunications network and the Internet; third, RFID and sensor manufacturers are likely to form due to their low core technology mastery The pattern of perfect competition.
At present, the Internet of Things technology has been gradually applied in China. It is understood that as an application example of the Internet of Things, Shanghai Pudong Airport is composed of more than 20,000 sensor nodes to form a set of "Internet of Things" flight zone perimeter anti-intrusion system. The degree of intelligence is amazing. Not only can the sensor node detect the area where the intruder is located, but also the intruder's action posture. The system then uses this information to determine different warning methods. In addition, Wuxi Airport has also begun the construction of a "perceived airport". Compared with the previous IoT application project of Pudong Airport, the biggest highlight of Wuxi â€œPerceived Airportâ€ is to realize the Internet of Things through low cost and create a comprehensive solution as much as possible. The two "aware airports" use the front end of the sensor network anti-intrusion system composed of a large number of detector nodes, autonomous networking, and unattended. The system runs to achieve collaborative detection, intelligent identification, integrated alarm, and sound, light, and video linkage. The system can only sense the all-weather and all-day dynamics of the airport boundary, has strong environmental adaptability and intelligence, can combine detection and analysis, blocking delay, and review response for multi-method fusion, according to specific tasks as needed Cut.
According to Forrester, an American authoritative consulting agency, by 2020, compared with the business of person-to-person communication, the business of the connection of things in the world will reach 30: 1. Therefore, the Internet of Things is known as the next trillion-level communication business and has broad development prospects. According to CCID Consulting â€™s research, the market size of the Chinese Internet of Things industry will reach 200 billion yuan in 2010, and the overall market size will reach 750 billion yuan by 2015. With the development of the Internet of Things, system integrators are facing a new round of opportunities and challenges.
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